Is the program based on research?
While no study to date has empirically tested the effectiveness of a particular cybercrime or cybersecurity training program, research has identified a lack of knowledge surrounding cybercrime and cybersecurity as one of the biggest impediments to effective cybercrime enforcement. In particular, knowledge regarding cybercrime and cybersecurity are lacking at the organizational level, hindering the enforcement and positioning of such knowledge in police roles. Frontline officers are particularly challenged by cybercrime calls for service, as, while they are expected to be first responders, they are limited in both knowledge and training to deal with such instances.
Has the program been independently evaluated?
Numerous studies have surveyed law enforcement officers on their perceptions and experiences with cybercrime and/or cybersecurity training, finding that officers tend to favour face-to-face training rather than online eLearning modules. In fact, officers favour face-to-face approaches because it gives them the opportunity to seek clarity over particular issues. Other studies suggest that mainstream training modules may not be appropriate to address the variety of roles within law enforcement agencies, hinting at the need for more tailored cybercrime training programs.
Was the program rigorously tested?
No specific cybercrime module has been rigorously tested or evaluated, as law enforcement agencies offer different training modules depending on their organizational level, role, need for training, and available resources.
Was the program tested in Canada?
There is no published, peer-reviewed Canadian literature available at this time.
*Our reviewer adds that cybertraining programs have been implemented in other countries, such as New Zealand, Switzerland and the UK, but, to date, there are no evaluations of their effectiveness.